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Why you should EQ, then compress, then EQ again

A post by David Mellor
Friday July 14, 2006
Are you content with one stage of equalization. Wouldn't your track sound better if you equalized, compressed, then equalized again?
Why you should EQ, then compress, then EQ again

This applies particularly to mastering, but it can apply anytime you are using EQ and compression together.

It's an obvious question. Should you EQ then compress, or compress then EQ? The answer depends on exactly why you are EQing.

If you are EQing a track because it has some sort of defect - perhaps too dull, too bass-heavy, mids lacking in sparkle - whatever the reason, you should EQ before you compress.

If you compress a track that has an EQ problem, then the compressor will be making its gain change decisions on faulty information. That is hardly going to result in good compression, which should be obvious once you think about it.

On the other hand, if a track already sounds well-balanced EQ-wise, then there is no need to EQ before compression. The action of a compressor however often results in a subjective dulling of the sound, so there is every likelihood that you will want to EQ after compressing.

The ultimate solution is to separate conceptually the corrective and creative applications of EQ. Once this is in your mind, it will be obvious that EQ problems have to be fixed before compression, and then after compression you will want to take the opportunity to perfect the frequency balance of whatever it is you are working on.

It's a good job that extra EQ plug-in instances don't cost anything (other than processor power of course!).

A post by David Mellor
Friday July 14, 2006 ARCHIVE
David Mellor has been creating music and recording in professional and home studios for more than 30 years. This website is all about learning how to improve and have more fun with music and recording. If you enjoy creating music and recording it, then you're definitely in the right place :-)