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Equipping Your Home Recording Studio - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Equalization - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Compression: Basic Compression - A free download from Audio Masterclass

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How to set a graphic equalizer

New vs. old guitar strings: Part 3 - The case for conditioning your guitar strings

What level of background noise is acceptable in a recording?

Setting the gain control on your audio interface for recording

Audio problems at the BBC - TV drama audiences can't understand what the actors are saying

What should you fix before you mix?

Visualizing stereo information using Lissajous figures

When you are mixing, what is the first thing you should do? What is the last? (And what should you NOT do?)

An RP visitor asks what are the first and last things you should do in a mixing session? Well, that's not the average question, but we do have some answers...

RP visitor Norris Turney asks, "At a mix session what's the first and last thing you do, and what should you NOT do?"

There's a whole range of possible answers to these questions. The first thing you should do, clearly, is switch the equipment on (power amp last), but that's too basic an answer. So let's rephrase the question as what is the first thing you need to do to lay the foundation of a good mix?

It's amazing how many tracks people use these days. In the glory days of rock and roll, well let's say the 1970s, people could record a complete song in 16 or 24 tracks, and that was ample. Now, forty tracks plus isn't unusual, often with ten or more guitars.

So the first thing to do when starting a mix session is to organize the tracks. If you do this, then mixing will start smoothly and progress smoothly. If you don't, you will be confused from the start and never be fully in control of the sound.

Personally, I like to put the drums up at the left of the mix screen, then the bass, then the guitars, other instruments, background vocal and finally the lead vocal. I might put the vocals at the left if I feel like it, but I do like them at either one end or the other. If I were mixing on a conventional console I would have the lead vocal on the channel that is exactly at the center between the speakers.

Another essential is to give the tracks meaningful names. If you didn't record the song yourself, this is vital. You can name a track according to its instrument, or its purpose in the song. Bear in mind that track names are often automatically shortened to fit into the space available, so the names will have to be meaningful even when this happens.

Once you have your tracks organized, you can start to mix.

Now, the last thing... Clearly this has to be to make multiple copies of the finished mix. Storage media are so fragile you can't leave it to trust that your work will survive through the coming days, weeks, months and years.

Hard disks always fail eventually, so you need to have a copy on an optical medium. DVDs and CDs that have a gold reflective layer are best. You should be looking at products such as the Delkin Archival Gold DVD-R. But don't just use one brand - make copies on other brands of media just in case.

And what should you not do...?

Hmm... there are loads of things you shouldn't do. But how about never considering that your mix is finished until you have listened again with fresh ears the next day?

Pro mix engineers can spend a whole day mixing just one song. Their judgment is so acute that it takes all this time to explore the possibilities. But even a pro mix engineer's ears are tired by the end of the day. So listening again next morning and making any minor tweaks that are necessary is essential.

Over to you. ..We would love to hear your tips on first and last things, and of course what not to do in a mixing session.

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By David Mellor Thursday November 30, 2006
Learn music production