Facebook social media iconTwitter social media iconYouTube social media iconSubmit to Reddit

Routing in mixing consoles

A description of the technology and function of routing as found in mixing consoles.


A mixing console will have several or many inputs and a lesser number - usually - of group and main outputs (also known as 'master' or 'mix' outputs).

In a professional mixing console, any input can be routed to any output. Also, inputs can be combined in any manner.

The allocation of inputs to outputs by the engineer is known as 'routing'.

A semi-professional mixing console might have 32 inputs, 8 group outputs and 2 main outputs (1 pair). The 8 group outputs will feed the multitrack: group outputs 1-8 feed tracks 1-8, 9-16 and 16-24. The main outputs feed the stereo mix recorder.

Channel 1 can therefore be routed to any of the following:

  • Group 1
  • Group 2
  • Group 3
  • Group 4
  • Group 5
  • Group 6
  • Group 7
  • Group 8
  • Main output left
  • Main output right

Often the routing switches and panpot work together. The routing switches are labelled as follows:

  • Groups 1-2
  • Groups 3-4
  • Groups 5-6
  • Groups 7-8
  • Main

The panpot is used to select between odd and even-numbered groups, and between the left and right sides of the main output.

By David Mellor Wednesday June 4, 2003
Online courses from Audio Masterclass

Free Ebook - Equipping Your Home Recording Studio

Set up your home recording studio in the very best way possible. Learn how to select equipment and solftware all the way through from microphones to monitors. Learn more...

Welcome to Professional Audio

Come on the Audio Masterclass FREE COURSE TOUR. A short series of tutorials to welcome you to the challenging world of professional audio. Learn more...

How to Avoid These 4 Huge Mistakes In Audio

Are you making these 4 simple mistakes again and again in your home recording studio? They are easy to identify and avoid, so you don't have to. Learn more...