Facebook social media iconTwitter social media iconYouTube social media iconSubmit to Reddit

An Introduction to Compression: Basic Compression - A free download from Audio Masterclass

Equipping Your Home Recording Studio - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Equalization - A free download from Audio Masterclass

7 important microphone types that you should know and the benefits of each

The difference between minimum-phase and linear-phase EQ on transient signals such as snare drum

An example of bad audio with an analysis of the problems - Sept 2017

What would happen if a spider got into your microphone?

Is your audio interface fast enough?

How to double track easily and efficiently

The 10 rules of pan

An investigation of the pre-delay parameter of the Lexicon 480L reverb plug-in

Is there such a thing as Photoshopped audio?

A brief introduction to soundproofing

Do some microphones respond to EQ better than others?

Conventional recording wisdom says that you should choose the mic that sounds right in itself, rather than expecting EQ to solve any problems. But do some mics work better with EQ than others?

Learn audio online with the Audio Masterclass Studio Recording and Production Course - enrolling until Friday with 20% discount - use promo code SEPT2017 at the checkout >>

If you have one microphone of professional quality, then you can make recordings of a professional standard. I've heard the evidence of this so many times I couldn't count. But since microphones do all have their own individual sound characters - even identical models as they age differently - it is always good to have a selection of mics to choose from, to get the absolute best out of the sound source.

It has long been an accepted piece of recording wisdom that you should choose the right mic for the job, by experience and experiment, and find the best position in which to place it (always by experiment). To choose a mic at random and position it approximately, and then try to fix up the resulting sound with EQ just wouldn't be the right thing to do. It would be like overcooking the celebration turkey and expecting to correct the inevitable dry texture with extra gravy.

It is a fact however that EQ is often necessary, no matter how correct the microphone choice or optimum the placement. Perhaps the instrument itself needs a little work. Maybe the acoustic isn't perfect. Maybe you want a sound that is different to the natural sound. All are good reasons for using EQ.

But with some mics, it seems that the function of EQ is mainly to correct the problems that you hear. The difficulty with this is that it can put you into a 'problem-solving' mindset. And once you have solved the problems, you leave it there.

If the microphone is more neutral however and doesn't raise any problems, you can - right from the start - use EQ to improve the sound that you hear. The problem-solving mindset can be the nemesis of the creative mindset that is needed to get the best end result in the recording studio.

Opinions are subjective and differ vastly, but I would cite the Neumann U87 Ai as one example of a microphone that I find quite plain. Put it in front of a singer or instrumentalist and the sound that comes out is pretty much the same as what went in, plus a touch of the large-diaphragm sheen you would expect from such a mic.

But I find this sound very easy to work with and get exactly the results I want. With some other mics my first thoughts are the problem areas. These mics may be of professional quality and capable of professional results, but I'm thinking in a technical, problem-solving manner, and I'm not using whatever creative abilities I might possess to their maximum.

So if you have a selection of mics available to experiment with, don't just compare their sounds flat and unaltered. Experiment with the way they work with EQ too. There are so many dimensions in the technique and artistry of microphones that it is possible to learn more and more throughout one's career without ever exhausting what they can do.

By David Mellor Monday July 15, 2013
Learn music production