There are lies, damned lies and statistics, according to the saying. At an even lower level of truthfulness are audio specifications.
We could be talking about any item of audio equipment, but let's stick to the good old power amplifier. In this day and age it's easy to produce the equivalent of a piece of wire with gain, is it not?
Well, it depends how you look at the specifications. The main problem with power amplifiers occurs when the signal crosses the zero volts boundary, exactly halfway between the positive and negative excursions.
At this point, the current switches from being delivered by an npn-type transistor to a pnp-type 'complementary' transistor or vice versa. Inevitably there is at least some slight mismatch and this causes 'crossover distortion'.
Still, distortion of this type is at a low level compared to full signal output. As a percentage, it could be as low as 0.03%. But remember that this is a percentage of full output level. Your amplifier is not going to be working as hard as this all the time.
Expressed as decibels, this equates to around -80 dB (-80 dBFS) in comparison with full output level (0 dBFS). But what about when the level drops to something rather more quiet - say -60 dBFS, which is still perfectly audible?
Now the distortion is only 20 dB below the signal level. Express this as a percentage and you get the mammoth distortion figure of 10%!
So just consider that when the music gets quiet and peaceful, a full 10% of what you are listening to could be pure distortion. Yurggh!Come on the FREE COURSE TOUR
Set up your home recording studio in the very best way possible. Learn how to select equipment and solftware all the way through from microphones to monitors. Learn more...
Come on the Audio Masterclass FREE COURSE TOUR. A short series of tutorials to welcome you to the challenging world of professional audio. Learn more...
Are you making these 4 simple mistakes again and again in your home recording studio? They are easy to identify and avoid, so you don't have to. Learn more...