Hands On - Portastudios and Multitrackers (part 1)
In the list of the most brilliant inventions the human race has ever come up with, third only to the bicycle and grand piano, is the cassette-based multitrack recorder otherwise commonly known as the portastudio. (Strictly speaking Portastudio which is a Tascam trade mark. Multitracker is the Fostex equivalent) ). Once upon a time if you wanted to take part in the glamorous world of multitrack recording, you had to pay an arm and a leg to gain a few hours in a (probably) ropey old studio and spend an immense amount of time and money learning how to transfer your musical ideas from brain through instruments to tape. My first session in a multitrack studio was in 1977 and I paid around £150 for a day with a sixteen-track machine that wouldnt erase properly. Although I had spent a lot of time experimenting with tape recorders at home, I didnt realise how unforgiving the multitrack recording environment could be to a musician. That £150, by the way, would be worth, according to my rough calculations, something like £400 now. For the experience I gained it was worth it (I dont dare listen to the tape now!), but for the same money these days you can obtain the means of getting all the experience you want for around the same price, in the form of a cassette based multitrack mixer/recorder of medium standard. Even in the £200-300 price bracket there are machines which will test your musical ability to the utmost and provide you with the necessary experience to progress into commercial studios where you really will be able to compete with the big boys and girls. These days, early experience with a cassette multitrack is essential for any budding musician, not just learning how to operate the knobs, but how to perform for a recording and to gain an understanding of the degree of effort required.
Although I see the main application of cassette multitracks as tools for self education, they do have another serious uses. They are extremely handy as notebooks for jotting down musical ideas and accompaniments to those ideas, or for working out parts before venturing into a commercial studio. Even top musicians with access to all manner of fancy equipment still use humble cassette multitracks to capture their thoughts. Musicians who base their work on MIDI systems with sequencers will always find tape tracks useful, and with the sequencer synchronised to cassette multitrack there can be up to three tracks available for vocals, guitar or whatever your imagination can devise. The quality available from some cassette multitracks, particularly if they use a high tape speed and Dolby C (or even Dolby S) noise reduction is extraordinarily good. Between selling my eight track a few years ago and taking delivery of a Fostex E16 I recorded a number of simple tracks on a mid-range Fostex Multitracker which are now on CD as part of a production music library and have been used by TV production companies the world over.
These are the uses, in my view, of cassette multitracks, but of course the big question is, for many people, Can I make a hit record with one? Well, if you are a Bruce Springsteen or a Suzanne Vega and can hum a bit and pluck a bit then the chances are that you can (and good old Brucey actually did). But if your work depends on a fuller orchestration then the chances are that the limitations of four track working (or even eight track on some of the bigger Tascam machines) will hinder your progress. Having said that, by the time you have proved me wrong youll have achieved some brilliant multitrack recording experience that will stand you in good stead forever.